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The difference between white and brown rice is the way it is prepared.White rice is typically the result of intense processing which polishes off the outer layers that contain much of the vitamins, minerals and other nutrients. Brown rice still has its nutrient rich outer layers with only the hull removed. Brown rice grains retain the “endosperm” center which contains starch, the “germ” inner layer which contains vitamins and minerals, and the “bran” outer layer which contains fiber and gives the kernel the brown color. That is why brown rice is considered a “whole grain”. Brown rice certainly retains more natural vitamins, minerals and plant compounds such as magnesium, potassium, iron, and B vitamins. Where brown really outshines other foods is it’s content of manganese (88%RDI) which has many health benefits for bones, blood, the heart and more.(short pp about item)
Where is Rice Grown
Rice season in Arkansas and Mississippi is in August; September in Missouri; and October in California. There may be an additional season in Texas and southwest Louisiana when they are able to reflood their fields after harvest and achieve a partial second or “ratoon” crop from the stubble of the first.
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Rice is grown by different techniques such as terrace farming, damming, and channeling that all impact the land in different ways.
About 80 million hectares of irrigated lowland rice provides 75% of the world’s rice production.
60 million hectares of rainfed lowlands supplies about 20% of the world’s rice production
Improved irrigation and farming techniques have increased yield per acre.
The US has some of the highest yield per acre in the world.
Rising temperatures caused by climate change have been reducing crop yields.
Rice is one of the most important staple crops in the world. Rice is responsible for over 20% of all calories consumed by humans and is crucial for the food security and health equity of over
half the world population, especially rural communities in South Asia, Latin America and parts of Africa where it is grown as a wage crop and for small scale subsistence farmers. It is a vital food to prevent malnutrition. Significant amounts of rice harvests are lost in low wealth areas because of poor storage, transportation, and lack of retail markets.
Rice is one of the most important staple crops in the world. Rice is responsible for over 20% of all calories consumed by humans and is crucial for the food security and health equity of over half the world population, especially rural communities in South Asia, Latin America and parts of Africa where it is grown as a wage crop and for small scale subsistence farmers. It is a vital food to prevent malnutrition. Significant amounts of rice harvests are lost in low wealth areas because of poor storage, transportation, and lack of retail markets.
Where is Brown Rice Grown?
Smith, Bruce D. (1998) The Emergence of Agriculture. Scientific American Library